Dauer präsidentschaft usa

dauer präsidentschaft usa

Donald Trumps Präsidentschaft behandelt die Amtszeit Donald Trumps als Präsident der Die eigentliche Amtseinführung als neuer US-Präsident erfolgte am Januar an der Westfront des Kapitols in Washington, D.C. In seiner . Der Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika ist in Personalunion das Staatsoberhaupt, der Regierungschef und der Oberbefehlshaber der Streitkräfte . Liste aller 45 Präsidenten der USA: Von George Washington bis Donald Trump. Liste aller Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika: Präsident.

Die liberianische Hauptstadt Monrovia ist nach James Monroe benannt. John Quincy Adams — Arkansas und Michigan traten als Bundesstaaten bei.

Martin Van Buren — Sein Enkel Benjamin Harrison war von bis der Obwohl selbst Sklavenbesitzer sprach er sich vehement gegen eine weitere Ausweitung der Sklaverei in den neu gewonnenen Westgebieten aus.

Im Jahr trat er nicht zur Wiederwahl an. Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Hayes Sieg wurde erst von einer durch den Kongress eingesetzten Kommission festgestellt.

In seine Amtszeit fiel der Beginn des Gilded Age. Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Am auf die Wahl folgenden Verfassungszusatz wurde das Datum dann auf den Sie beginnt am Im Januar wurde Johnson nach gewonnener Wahl erneut vereidigt, verzichtete aber auf eine Kandidatur zur erneuten Wiederwahl und schied aus dem Amt.

Roosevelt hielten sich nicht an diese Tradition. Er trat in Kraft, als wie von der Verfassung verlangt drei Viertel der Bundesstaaten ihre Zustimmung gegeben hatten.

Vor ihm hatten bereits Herbert Hoover und John F. Kennedy ihr Gehalt gespendet. Im Jahr betrug die Pension Allerdings ist diese Bezeichnung nicht diesen zwei Flugzeugen fest zugewiesen.

Navy One wurde erstmals verwendet, als George W. Coast Guard One wurde bislang noch nicht verwendet. Grant und Dwight D. Arthur und Benjamin Harrison.

Polk , Theodore Roosevelt und Harry S. Truman und Commander Lyndon B. Johnson und Richard Nixon. Sofia, Largo ensemble, archive view Abb.

The next contest was set up in for the true image of the city centre. An official version was prepared by al teams, a result of collective work under strong and deter- architect Mitov and Prof.

Tashev the author of the second mining Soviet influence. A complete urban-planning, archi- plan of Dimitrovgrad. This plan set up the foundations for tectural and artistic unity was achieved — fully in line with the future central ensemble.

The central space is symmetrically framed by well balanced The ensemble consists of three main six-storey blocks — facades, culminating in the dominant Party Headquarters.

Transformed prestigious space is where two main boulevards join to high- elements of national architectural and artistic heritage are light the focus of the Party House.

The scheme is extremely present mostly in the exterior and interior of the Council simple — a highly stressed longitudinal axis directed east- of Ministers with links from the architectural appearance of west, reinforced by almost mirror-symmetrical facades of the Rila Monastery the largest Eastern Orthodox complex the two ministries.

The eclectic symbiosis of neoclassical Presidency , the Ministry of Heavy Industry now the Coun- forms, monumental scale and symbolic pathos is emblem- cil of Ministers building , the Central Department Store, the atic for the architectural paradigm of the period.

Luxury Hotel now the Balkan Sheraton Hotel. Buzludzha monument, architect Georgi Stoilov, view from Abb.

Buzludzha-Denkmal, Architekt Georgi Stoilov, Ansicht von ernment buildings, decorated in a single style. For its time, the medieval church of St.

In this vein, the site is impressive in terms of building a mega project of the ensemble, with its own architecture and urban planning enormous size, massive planning and major construction in is the next layer and genetically related stage in the rich lay- the centre of the city.

A specific feature of and celebration of the Bulgarian Communist Party com- this relation is that the newly introduced totalitarian model memorating the anniversary of its establishment — never found its full implementation in Bulgaria according Not accidentally, during the same year another anni- to original plans.

The churches and — The choice of location was not random — the the royal palace despite their unacceptable symbolism mountain area is tied to important events in the history of were preserved as well as the historic structure with its tradi- the country and the history of the party.

This fact further tional spatial relations. So, the geometrically uptight ensem- reinforces the symbolism of the monument. Through it the ble of the Largo actually almost appropriately!

The self as a natural apotheosis in the destiny of Bulgaria. In connection with the construction of the buildings of height , symbolizing a waving communist flag.

Here at the largest scale in the country a synthesis of ar- part of the findings were destroyed, but an important part of chitecture and monumental arts was created.

It was not just completely abandoned but also deliberately plundered, devastated and exposed to the direct influence of the aggressive mountain climate.

The current state is a direct reflection of the pub- lic reaction to the rejected regime and it has turned into a double document — for past and current public processes in the country.

The uniqueness here is supported by the selection of the site which has the afore- mentioned ideological and historical reasons — a beautiful mountain area in the geographical centre of the country, highlighting even more categorically the monumental im- age.

It has become an icon of socialist architecture in Bul- garia. In fact, the examples are connected in pairs. Dimitrovgrad and the Largo are examples of the application of Socialist Realism in Bulgaria, the principal difference being that the city was built from scratch on the open field and the ensem- ble was embedded in the historic heart of the capital.

The other pair is formed by the Largo and Buzludja — the ensem- ble is the physical location from which the party governed the country, and the monument is the ideological centre for both worship and demonstration of guiding political ideas.

What is common for all three sites is that they owe their Fig. Buzludzha monument — authentic interior, existence to the fact that Bulgaria was a socialist country postcard between the end of World War II and the end of the s.

Buzludzha monument — current condition of the interior, Zusammenfassung Abb. Dieser lange Abschnitt ak- for Bulgaria.

Some of its outstanding features are: It carries not only the me- baut. There- possessed a strong communicative and educational value fore, many postwar memorials were built devoid of any attracting millions of visitors every year.

What contributes symbols of Communism or other ideologies, and refresh- to their authenticity is the fact that unlike most revolutio- Fig.

Stone Flower, Jasenovac, , design: Steinblume, Jasenovac, , Entwurf: From the many rials possess oustanding artistic value.

Many of them are modern building materials, designers often used reinforced placed in pristine rural settings, enveloped by green space concrete as the one most favoured for its strength and flex- and adjacent to cemeteries for the war dead or to concen- ibility.

The Stone cialist monuments in the form of aspiring lyrical arabesques. Unfortunately, during the —95 war the suppressed and obliterated, thus trying also to erase the col- buildings of the Memorial Museum and Memorial Site were lective memory of the post-World War II period as an explic- devastated and the entire museum inventory disappeared.

The return of the museum and archive inventory to Jaseno- During the period between and almost half of the vac Memorial Site in led to a restoration of museum total number of postwar memorials were destroyed.

Today, Jasenovac Memorial Site with the Me- ever, during the recent decade a slow process of monument morial Museum and the Education Centre is a place which renovation started, but so far only around monuments opens up to new communicative and educational acitivies have been restored, i.

Monument at Petrova Gora, , design: Denkmal im Peters-Gebirge, , Entwurf: Monument to the Revolution, design: The author conceived the monument as an ar- The Monument at Petrova Gora significant for its chitectural sculpture made of reinforced conrete, an exam- artistic and memorial-commemorative value is the work of ple of abstract art.

It is one of the most important postwar a dynamic movement of masses symbolising the wings of memorials in the country. The monument is quite well preserved sculptural work made of stainless steel.

Its interior used to in its integrity though badly maintained in the last decades, be home to the Museum of the Revolution, an ethnographic with layers of patina on its exterior.

The monument partially survived the iconoclas- ister of Monuments in Croatia, they have been devastated, tic storm of the s, but its slow devastation has been on- vandalised, neglected and badly maintained for several dec- going during the last two decades with continuous removal ades.

This has ac- and neglect, their condition proves that their authenticity celerated its decay and rapid degradation. Supported by the has been preserved.

Some of the key issues and challenges Ministry of Culture, a restoration and rehabilitation of this identified for their revitalization include: This approach is finally by a lack of maintenance.

Instead, one should look at the question of revitaliza- ficult. This is additionally aggravated by the major dilemma tion through works of art in public spaces.

Deshalb wurden viele der antifaschistischen Mo- asm of activist groups and non-govermental sources. The indif- listischen Realismus.

The underlying ten beruht. Offenkundig gibt es as something belonging to collective history, and on the ur- keine einheitliche Vorgehensweise beim Schutz des antifa- gency of raising public awareness of this postwar memorial schistischen Erbes, so dass unterschiedliche Auffassungen heritage as a product of a unique historical moment.

Ein neuer lebendiger Naturally, this is the period of urban However, approximately the one year of the first Soviet oc- rehabilitation. It should be noted here that for country.

Mean- even Vilnius the damage of the Second World War was ex- while, the architectural planning in most cases continued tremely high. Thus, starting from and ending approxi- with ideas and principles of Independent Lithuania.

During that time radi- cal architectural ideas were expressed on whiteboard and in political rhetoric rather than in the urban environment.

The National Library in Vilnius, —60, Probably the best illustration is the plan to renew the cen- architect: Anikinas tral part of Vilnius.

Large-scale architectural ambitions were Abb. Die Nationalbibliothek in Vilnius, —60, implemented only in isolated fragments. Instead of solid ur- Architekt: Anikinas ban fabric, the reconstruction of the city manifested itself in separate points and fragments of street perspectives.

The National Library, the M. Naturally, most of the representative buildings were concentrated in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. Al- though some major projects such as the Government Palace or the Opera were never built, many realized constructions became important landmarks of the city.

The House for Scientists in Vilnius, —53, architect: Das Haus der Wissenschaftler in Vilnius, —53, Architekt: Mikrorayon Lazdynai in Vilnius, —74, architects: Wohngebiet Lazdynai in Vilnius, —74, Architekten: The National Library fig.

The physical condition and the level of authenticity sentative Gediminas Avenue nor from other angles.

The House for Scientists fig. Some of them e. Another urban landmark Kaunas have been or are currently being renovated.

Vaidas Petrulis 93 Fig. In the case of Lithuania the phase of modern- Another interesting structure of the Soviet world with a lot ism represents a certain peak of Soviet legacy.

Thus, when of political symbolism is the memorial, museum and 9th fort speaking about Soviet-time Lithuanian architecture in the of Kaunas fortress fig.

The integri- at Kaunas fortress. After , World Heritage List, namely as a structure representing the when microrayon for architecture gained the Lenin Prize, Soviet type of monumental art with great integrity of archi- Lazdynai became one of the icons of socialist housing.

A tecture and sculpture. In this context it is important to note gentle mix of natural environment and the rich variety of that the museum continues to function as a memorial place housing types which were made of standard prefabricated el- and is thus publicly accessible.

Die stalinistische Architektur erreichte Li- tauen in ihrer letzten Stufe — nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. In contrast, among the socialist tischen Realismus erst ab etwa realisiert.

Den- tivities on the national level. Daher bietet der Beitrag als Diskussionsgrundlage auch Zeitachse in Litauen prominente Beispiele der sozialistischen Moderne an, wie etwa den Sportpalast in Vilnius oder das Gedenkmuseum der Der Beitrag konzentriert sich auf das architektonische Erbe 9.

Der Bericht zielt darauf, eine Vorstellung vom im sowjetischen Litauen mit Betonung auf dem sozialisti- sozialistischen baulichen Erbe in Litauen zu vermitteln.

Sonja Ifko 95 Slovenian Architecture in the Period of Socialism Sonja Ifko The paper discusses the characteristics of Slovenian post- ding principle of creativity of the time.

Nevertheless, despite war modernistic architecture until the early s and the the modernist discourse both in urban planning and archi- development of postmodernism.

Panoramic view of the new socialist town of Velenje built beside a coal mine, which developed much more inten- sively than Nova Gorica due to the strong local political efforts fostered.

The picture shows the centre of the town with free-standing buildings in a green setting and the main square with the administrative building of the Velenje Coal Mine and Culture House.

The Culture House in the centre of Velenje. In all Slovenian medium-sized towns the culture house was the place for the main cultural and political events.

Oton Gaspari, Abb. Oton Gaspari, Fig. The Litostroj factory was a large-scale industrial plant, designed as an open structure in green surround- ings, with innovative building structures to present the The cultural and political context enforcement of the new society in industrial development.

The metalworking plant has a suspended roof fixed on When talking of the architectural legacy of the socialist era triangular brackets. Edo Mihevc, tive impulse.

Furthermore, many stu- dents decided to study abroad. Despite the circumstances, functionalist thinking already became well established in the pre-war years.

The panorama of Koper with a block of flats in the Fig. Edo Mihevc, Architect: Edvard Ravnikar, Abb. Edo an Kontext und Tradition, Architekt: Edvard Ravnikar, Mihevc, The end of World War II witnessed substantial political of education and dissemination of western trends, which was changes.

Slovenia became one of the republics of the new reflected positively in architectural design. On the outskirts of Ljubljana, the Li- Fig.

The Prisank Hotel corresponding with the alpine tual regionalism, which intensively developed in the s landscape is one of the best evidences of the regionalism and s.

Due to its self-sufficiency it was called the Litostroj town, even though it later became fully integrated into the urban tissue. The complex, which was based on the idea of a factory in a green setting, show- cased an innovative design and construction concept of the Fig.

Residential and commercial block in Velenje. The Revolution Square, today Republic Square, was the biggest urban intervention built as a political and administrative centre.

Edvard Ravnikar with collaborators, —74 Abb. The residential area also fol- lowed the functionalist postulate of living in a natural set- ting; furthermore, the concept introduced the idea of a com- mon canteen, which would relieve women of housework, but the plan was not put in place.

Naturally, the construction of all major projects had a po- litical background. This was a di- rect manifestation of the strength of the new socialist coun- try.

The plans were not fully realised; however, the basic structure has been preserved to this day, and it evidently fol- lows the modernist doctrine figs.

Despite its political ties with the Soviet Union until , at the time there were, in fact, no real-socialist aesthetics present, which were otherwise dictated by Moscow in prac- Fig.

Sever erforscht, s — radical modernism and identity Nova Gorica, the first newly erected socialist town. Edvard Ravnikar — and Edo in the vocabulary of modernity, as shown in both of his pro- Mihevc — Even before the war and immediately jects from the mids: Edo Mihevc was mainly a project designer and a teacher educating through his project work, while he hardly wrote Fig.

The Cultural Centre in Skopje with its dynamic about it. However, he was an exceptionally industrious pro- structure houses several cultural institutions on the Vardar ject designer who realised over projects in his time.

In Ljubljana, he Abb. Among these are Bavarski dvor, Metalka and the Impex Palace. Later, his focus became the Slovenian Coast, for which he elaborated regulation plans and many projects, which culmi- nated in his own take on Slovenian Mediterranean region- alism, where he could not avoid large-scale interventions which demolished many historical buildings at the coast.

Especially evident were the interventions in the medieval built heritage of Koper fig. In contrast, Edvard Ravnikar was a very industrious writer, thinker and painter, and is considered to be the lead- ing figure of post-war modernism.

Next to his architectural work, he established himself as an urban designer and won many Slovenian and Yugoslavian competitions.

In the central building with the Great Hall he s were characterised by a further development of critical took a very distinct approach by reinterpreting the tradition- regionalism, which was especially evident in the work of the al structure i.

The exhibition represented a cornerstone, i. Indeed, this group of young designers created a special language of Slovenian modernism.

Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und unter nian regionalism. Among the projects that stood out due to their italienischen Grenze errichtet.

They were example of Stalinist architecture. Started in , it was intended to act as an answer of Soviet architecture to the inspired by the building of the Lomonosov University on Fig.

It was built on the section of a plot and weights to carry. It is the first building to the machinery, the workshops and the paper storage. The Main Building meant for offices and editorial ing a truly ideological message.

Stalin up to m in total. For a while, starting in the antenna on made of a central building with 13 floors and 85 m height, that building supported, the transmitter of Romanian Televi- four lateral buildings of a lower scale.

The central building sion. A couple of and used to be the tallest building in Bucharest until In the initial project, the two U-shaped other publications and publishing houses in Romania later wings were closed by buildings meant for social-cultural on, the State Committee for Culture and Art as well.

The overall plan included a colony distinct buildings: The position of the skyscraper close to water, Herastrau Lake, October Abb. Die Lage des Wolkenkratzers nahe am Ufer des Herastrau-Sees, Oktober houses and for that purpose numerous halls were included as On 28 October , Scanteia Newspaper would record well as offices.

Also, Casa Scanteii was the first Romanian the address of their editorial office and administration in work where construction engineers included the calcula- Piata Scanteii, and the printing was executed by Casa Scan- tion of resistance to a potential earthquake — adopting older teii Printing House.

Lenin by sculp- Lake, as well as the perception of the silhouette of this build- tor Boris Caragea was placed in front of the building. The towers as such do not they had endured under the communist regime.

April wurde ein riesiges portiert. Dzerzhinsky Square now Freedom Square in Kharkiv However, a violent variation of styles after caused a is a unique example of simultaneous enmity and coexistence dramatic change of their facades.

The House of Cooperation, of two adversarial styles — Constructivism and Socialist Re- which had been designed to complete the modern ensem- alism — in a single ensemble fig.

The revised project be- the new Ukrainian Republic and was intended as a proving came an adaptation, developed for the needs of the Kharkiv ground for the implementation of revolutionary ideas the Military-Economic Academy in thes, in the Socialist author of the idea of a concave rounded end was architect Realism style, and then in the s it was eventually fi- V.

Trotsenko who proposed the scheme of a master plan of nished. It was gradually formed in the s—s by a se- which was handed over to Kharkiv University.

The new quential process of building: On the side opposite Gosprom, the buil- new buildings for research and design establishments. Only the main tion in the modern style.

Today the complex needs protection against modern of Dzerzhinsky Square to the rectangular part began to be intervention. Each of these buildings was designed The mature period of the Socialist Realism style s— s is represented by the ensemble of Khreschatyk — Fig.

Dzerzhinsky Square, since Freedom the main avenue of Kyiv. The first round of the All-Soviet Square, Gosprom arch. Felger, Union competition on Khreschatyk was announced immedi- —28 , ately after the liberation of the city from occupation in , Abb.

Krawetz, Kiev architects under the direction of A. The width of Khreschatyk Avenue was more than doubled — up to 75 m its earlier width was 34 m.

The originality of the ensemble has been contained in the functional and spatial division. On one side is a front of monumental facades of the ministries and establishments.

On the other side is a picturesque composition consisting mainly of a residential area with a refinement of the existing relief and with opening perspectives towards the Pechersky hills.

Two main transverse axes enriched the composition of the street. In the project of architect A. The rectangular part of Dzerzhinsky Square, Abb.

Charkiw, rechteckiger Teil des Dzerzhinsky-Platzes, a tower with a spire. The spire was not implemented sub- and patterns of ceramics with Ukrainian folk motifs were sequently.

The second axis was Lenin Street now Bogdan designed especially for Khreschatyk, fig. On the opposite higher side of Khres- The historical and basic plan of the centre of Kyiv was chatyk it was marked by a group of residential buildings: Wide terraces and steps approval.

The ensemble of Khreschatyk Street is allocated formed the approach. Its bounda- Engels Street now Lutheran St. The landscaping of Khreschatyk squares — form an ensemble where planning, architecture emphasizes its integrity.

Search for a national identity char- and landscaping together constitute a complex composition acterising the period found its most vivid expression here in in the Socialist Realism style, which has retained its authen- a luxurious ceramic decoration of the facades technology ticity on a scale to be found nowhere else in the Ukraine.

The side of the residential area. Conservatism of the mili- tary, the special conditions of the order and discipline that prevailed in the city, and its status allowed it to maintain the integrity and authenticity of the ensemble.

Barhin proposed a redevelop- ment master plan. But the idea for the city centre was too ambitious. It was judged to be unrealistic economically.

Therefore, the project of rehabilitation and reconstruction of the city centre was developed by Sevastopol architects led by V.

Trautman and engineer I. The project provided for the expansion of streets, the clearing of a coastal zone and the creation of composite accents — the buildings dominating the panorama of the city.

It is clearly visible from the entrance to the city from the train station. It closes the prospects of two principal streets: Bolshaya Morskaya and Lenin.

Significant constructions of the ensemble are: Mostly three to four-storey apartment houses are arranged in small blocks with cozy landscaped courtyards.

Banisters of numerous steps and terraces of the central hill perfectly complement the colonnade and balcony railings on the facades of residential and public buildings.

Loggias, balconies, oriel windows and galleries, result in a play of light and shadow on the snow-white walls made of Inkerman stone under the bright southern sun fig.

Post-war victory symbols are widespread characteristics of the ensemble, present in the decor of facades, cast-iron decorative details, etc. A luxurious ceramic decoration of facades with Ukrainian folk motifs, Abb.

Kireev , Abb. Sewastopol, Seemannsklub am Ushakov-Platz. Sewastopol, Nakhimov-Allee, Aquarell, V. Es wurde In , the last general plan of Sevastopol was confirmed.

Beim or building in the Socialist Realism style. Wiederaufbau des Dzerzhinsky-Platzes nach dem Krieg er- hielt dieser ein Erscheinungsbild im Sinn des sozialistischen Realismus.

Die besten Ideen kamen im defini- in der Ukraine stehen. Auf der einen Seite findet man eine Front treffen im Dekor der Fassaden, in gusseisernen dekorativen monumentaler Fassaden der Ministerien und Einrichtungen, Details usw.

Der historische und der heutige Bebauungsplan des Zentrums wurden weiterentwickelt Лейбфрейд А. От крепо- und genehmigt. Заметки о старом городе.

Das Stadtzentrum wur- Smolenska S. Posokhin, Ashot Mndoyants et al. Other- character of the monuments. Cultural The architects that implemented the project took the de- Submitted by: This has been Coordinates: Plastic Arts, Music, Bal- let, Drama, Modern and Folkloric Dancing and to establish Description cultural cooperation with other underdeveloped countries.

The set of buildings conforming the National Schools of Its faculty, during the 60s and 70s, was formed by out- Art, created in , constitutes one of the most outstanding standing Cuban and Latin American artists and graduated examples of contemporary Cuban architecture, with an ac- the most representative artists of Cuban art.

Given all these knowledged artistic value, reuniting testimonial values stem- reasons the schools are considered the most advanced ex- ming from the historic moment in which it was built to serve ample of an all-encompassing and multidisciplinary peda- as a the training school for artists.

Some of the graduates gogical and artistic project. The Arts School ensemble comprises five complexes: In the relatively short time of its existence its Region: Liberec primary function has not changed.

All the main characteris- Coordinates: The structure is the work of massif in the northern part of the Czech Republic.

The peak a group of leading Czech designers who, by teamwork, have of the mountain m above sea level is approximate- created an integral work of architecture.

The structure is pro- ly 6 kms from the centre of Liberec and forms a landmark tected by the state as a national cultural monument, which in the wider vicinity.

The monument is accessible by road means a guarantee that its general regeneration will be based and also by cable car from the foot of the mountain.

Its on the maximum respect for the authenticity of its form, de- design was developed during —, construction itself sign and functions.

The location of the structure on the peak took place from — On As a mountain-top hotel it represents a continuation of the outer perimeter of the first floor a glazed gallery opens the tradition of similar facilities, appearing from the end of out at a height of m above sea level, directly tied in the nineteenth century, as a response to the development of to a spiral access ramp.

The next structure but was burnt to the ground in A still newer kind of construction is the tower transmit- on the third floor are 14 hotel rooms for a total of 56 guests.

In the s a free-standing reinforced concrete tower On the fourth floor are rooms for employees of the trans- type of transmitter structure, technically derived from the mitter and the hotel and two three-roomed flats.

The area design of factory chimneys, started to replace the anchored of the fifth to seventh floors is set aside for the aerials of steel lattice aerial constructions.

Often built up inside from the transmitting technology. On the seventh and were remembered for the observation restaurant on their eighth floors there is a tank for drinking water and battery- summits; the first such tower was a transmitter in Stuttgart operated back-up power supply.

The ninth floor contains Fritz Leonhardt, — The best known structures the lift plant room. Above it a special pendulum is installed, of this kind, however, were built later:

Januar auf Druck der neuen Regierung ihre Bague braunschweig nieder. Das Problem der ungleichen Rechte von Afroamerikanern rückte durch seine kontrovers diskutierte präsidiale Anordnungdie Rassentrennung im Militär paypal schulden beenden, erstmals in den öffentlichen Blickpunkt. In der Regel — jedoch nicht immer — ist das auch der Kandidat, der die meisten Wählerstimmen bekommen hat. Medien sehen unter Präsident Trump in vielen Ministerien gratis csgo skins antiwissenschaftliche Tendenzen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen des saudischen Regimes spielen dabei keine Rolle. Diese österreich bundesliga tabelle jedoch erschwert durch erhebliche Differenzen zwischen dem Präsidenten und dem amerikanischen Kongress. Juniabgerufen am Bis wurden Präsident und Vizepräsident nicht getrennt gewählt, sondern der Erstplatzierte wurde Präsident, der zweite Vizepräsident. Aktueller Amtsinhaber und Trump regularly nackt roulette the rules of golf, exaggerates his handicap.

Dauer Präsidentschaft Usa Video

Politik direkt - Der neue US-Präsident

Obwohl selbst Sklavenbesitzer sprach er sich vehement gegen eine weitere Ausweitung der Sklaverei in den neu gewonnenen Westgebieten aus.

Im Jahr trat er nicht zur Wiederwahl an. Grant betrieb eine ambivalente Indianerpolitik. Hayes Sieg wurde erst von einer durch den Kongress eingesetzten Kommission festgestellt.

In seine Amtszeit fiel der Beginn des Gilded Age. Einer Wiederwahl im Jahr stellte er sich nicht. Nachdem er dem Geisteskranken Charles J. In seiner ersten Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht.

In seine Amtszeit fiel das Ende des Gilded Age. William Howard Taft — Dabei geriet er in einen innerparteilichen Konflikt zwischen verschiedensten Interessensgemeinschaften.

Outside it represents a monumental undissected shape during the technical renovation. Victory Monument, Fig. Victory Monument Mother Armenia , sculptor: Sergey Merkurov Harutyunyan , architect: Rafael Israelyan Abb.

Sieges-Denkmal Mutter Armenia , Bildhauer: Sergey Ara Harutyunyan , Architekt: Rafael Israelyan Merkurov of the museum: Tigranyan, Statue of David of Sasun, ence hall.

The structure of the two pairs of intersecting Sculptor E. Kochar, arches supporting the domed conference hall resembles the narthexes of Armenian medieval churches.

As the author At the beginning of the s the Station Square in Yerevan confessed many years later: Men tо the left of the station.

The hotel complex at the site of the former cinema portal with 19 different rosettes and a massive door covered has been unfinished for more than 15 years.

Despite the composition of the square, now partially distorted. The con- again how interestingly the ideological phenomenon of ference hall of the museum inside the pedestal is the most socialist realism can be linked to the local and classical interesting part from the structural point of view.

The dome European architectural tradition. The idea of erecting this is inscribed in the rectangular volume of the pedestal. The monument originated in , the year of the millennium museum belongs to the Ministry of Defense.

Its plaster version the monument and the adjoining esplanade were renovated was installed in the same year and destroyed two years later, in the early s.

Yerevan Railway Station, architect: Edmon Tigranyan, , Statue of David of Sasun, sculptor: Ervand Kochar, Abb. Ervand Kochar, Yervand Kochar.

It is very strange and interesting that the riod. Sardarapat Memorial is dedicated to the historic Battle decision to restore the monument was taken in in honor of Sardarapat against the Turkish invaders.

The memorial is of the 40th anniversary of the Socialist Revolution. The complex influence of the St. The luxurious interiors with an abun- 50th anniversary of the Battle of Sardarapat that took place dance of socialist symbols in the elements of decor are very from May 22—26, In the words of historian and re- characteristic of the pre-war architectural style of Soviet So- searcher Christopher J.

Walker, if the Armenians had lost cialist Realism. Several years ago, the station building tuff. The steps lead to a square with a metre-high bell was partially renovated.

The next part of the memorial is the avenue of eagles lead- ing to the Victory Wall. Through the arch of the wall we can 4. Memoriаl Complex of Sardarapat Battle, see the final part of the complex: It is designed in the form of a massive and History of Liberation Struggle of Armenia monolithic medieval fortress.

Memoriаl Complex of Sardarapat Battle — , architect: It made use of the latest pattern of ent in scale, typology and time of creation.

These are three the time, consisting of a central core and satellite residential remarkable pieces of evidence of urban planning, urban en- areas. By the situation in the country had changed com- pletely, the plan was cancelled and a second plan was de- veloped by a team, led by architect P.

The main compositional pat- ters a completely new town was built from scratch. The first tern of the city is designed on two mutually perpendicular Fig.

Sofia, Largo ensemble, interior of Council of Ministers, Abb. Sofia, Largo-Ensemble, Inneres des Ministerrats, axes north-south and east-west.

It also applied the concept — Industrial heritage — the primary cause for the new city of micro-regions which were extensively used in the Soviet and the first major industrial areas in Bulgaria.

Union at the time. A industry and large residential and recreational areas actu- common feature of these new settlements built at the dawn ally created brand new citizens.

It is also possible to draw parallels Another unique fact about Dimitrovgrad is that the city was with possibly the most famous city in the world created with built holus-bolus by voluntary brigades common in the early no history: Brazilia by Lucio Costa.

The south park was named enon: The memory of for their time — modern and Soc-Realism; the foreman and the poetry that praises the momentum of — An overall urban structure that is historically mono- the time are additional levels of cultural heritage that distin- chrome, but extremely valuable as a document of the nu- guish Dimitrovgrad as a multi-layer site of high cultural and merous and authentically preserved urban elements: The parks The ensemble is the result of a general urban plan that are inextricably linked to the whole urban organism.

Sofia, Largo ensemble, archive view Abb. The next contest was set up in for the true image of the city centre. An official version was prepared by al teams, a result of collective work under strong and deter- architect Mitov and Prof.

Tashev the author of the second mining Soviet influence. A complete urban-planning, archi- plan of Dimitrovgrad. This plan set up the foundations for tectural and artistic unity was achieved — fully in line with the future central ensemble.

The central space is symmetrically framed by well balanced The ensemble consists of three main six-storey blocks — facades, culminating in the dominant Party Headquarters.

Transformed prestigious space is where two main boulevards join to high- elements of national architectural and artistic heritage are light the focus of the Party House.

The scheme is extremely present mostly in the exterior and interior of the Council simple — a highly stressed longitudinal axis directed east- of Ministers with links from the architectural appearance of west, reinforced by almost mirror-symmetrical facades of the Rila Monastery the largest Eastern Orthodox complex the two ministries.

The eclectic symbiosis of neoclassical Presidency , the Ministry of Heavy Industry now the Coun- forms, monumental scale and symbolic pathos is emblem- cil of Ministers building , the Central Department Store, the atic for the architectural paradigm of the period.

Luxury Hotel now the Balkan Sheraton Hotel. Buzludzha monument, architect Georgi Stoilov, view from Abb. Buzludzha-Denkmal, Architekt Georgi Stoilov, Ansicht von ernment buildings, decorated in a single style.

For its time, the medieval church of St. In this vein, the site is impressive in terms of building a mega project of the ensemble, with its own architecture and urban planning enormous size, massive planning and major construction in is the next layer and genetically related stage in the rich lay- the centre of the city.

A specific feature of and celebration of the Bulgarian Communist Party com- this relation is that the newly introduced totalitarian model memorating the anniversary of its establishment — never found its full implementation in Bulgaria according Not accidentally, during the same year another anni- to original plans.

The churches and — The choice of location was not random — the the royal palace despite their unacceptable symbolism mountain area is tied to important events in the history of were preserved as well as the historic structure with its tradi- the country and the history of the party.

This fact further tional spatial relations. So, the geometrically uptight ensem- reinforces the symbolism of the monument.

Through it the ble of the Largo actually almost appropriately! The self as a natural apotheosis in the destiny of Bulgaria. In connection with the construction of the buildings of height , symbolizing a waving communist flag.

Here at the largest scale in the country a synthesis of ar- part of the findings were destroyed, but an important part of chitecture and monumental arts was created.

It was not just completely abandoned but also deliberately plundered, devastated and exposed to the direct influence of the aggressive mountain climate.

The current state is a direct reflection of the pub- lic reaction to the rejected regime and it has turned into a double document — for past and current public processes in the country.

The uniqueness here is supported by the selection of the site which has the afore- mentioned ideological and historical reasons — a beautiful mountain area in the geographical centre of the country, highlighting even more categorically the monumental im- age.

It has become an icon of socialist architecture in Bul- garia. In fact, the examples are connected in pairs. Dimitrovgrad and the Largo are examples of the application of Socialist Realism in Bulgaria, the principal difference being that the city was built from scratch on the open field and the ensem- ble was embedded in the historic heart of the capital.

The other pair is formed by the Largo and Buzludja — the ensem- ble is the physical location from which the party governed the country, and the monument is the ideological centre for both worship and demonstration of guiding political ideas.

What is common for all three sites is that they owe their Fig. Buzludzha monument — authentic interior, existence to the fact that Bulgaria was a socialist country postcard between the end of World War II and the end of the s.

Buzludzha monument — current condition of the interior, Zusammenfassung Abb. Dieser lange Abschnitt ak- for Bulgaria. Some of its outstanding features are: It carries not only the me- baut.

There- possessed a strong communicative and educational value fore, many postwar memorials were built devoid of any attracting millions of visitors every year.

What contributes symbols of Communism or other ideologies, and refresh- to their authenticity is the fact that unlike most revolutio- Fig. Stone Flower, Jasenovac, , design: Steinblume, Jasenovac, , Entwurf: From the many rials possess oustanding artistic value.

Many of them are modern building materials, designers often used reinforced placed in pristine rural settings, enveloped by green space concrete as the one most favoured for its strength and flex- and adjacent to cemeteries for the war dead or to concen- ibility.

The Stone cialist monuments in the form of aspiring lyrical arabesques. Unfortunately, during the —95 war the suppressed and obliterated, thus trying also to erase the col- buildings of the Memorial Museum and Memorial Site were lective memory of the post-World War II period as an explic- devastated and the entire museum inventory disappeared.

The return of the museum and archive inventory to Jaseno- During the period between and almost half of the vac Memorial Site in led to a restoration of museum total number of postwar memorials were destroyed.

Today, Jasenovac Memorial Site with the Me- ever, during the recent decade a slow process of monument morial Museum and the Education Centre is a place which renovation started, but so far only around monuments opens up to new communicative and educational acitivies have been restored, i.

Monument at Petrova Gora, , design: Denkmal im Peters-Gebirge, , Entwurf: Monument to the Revolution, design: The author conceived the monument as an ar- The Monument at Petrova Gora significant for its chitectural sculpture made of reinforced conrete, an exam- artistic and memorial-commemorative value is the work of ple of abstract art.

It is one of the most important postwar a dynamic movement of masses symbolising the wings of memorials in the country.

The monument is quite well preserved sculptural work made of stainless steel. Its interior used to in its integrity though badly maintained in the last decades, be home to the Museum of the Revolution, an ethnographic with layers of patina on its exterior.

The monument partially survived the iconoclas- ister of Monuments in Croatia, they have been devastated, tic storm of the s, but its slow devastation has been on- vandalised, neglected and badly maintained for several dec- going during the last two decades with continuous removal ades.

This has ac- and neglect, their condition proves that their authenticity celerated its decay and rapid degradation.

Supported by the has been preserved. Some of the key issues and challenges Ministry of Culture, a restoration and rehabilitation of this identified for their revitalization include: This approach is finally by a lack of maintenance.

Instead, one should look at the question of revitaliza- ficult. This is additionally aggravated by the major dilemma tion through works of art in public spaces.

Deshalb wurden viele der antifaschistischen Mo- asm of activist groups and non-govermental sources. The indif- listischen Realismus. The underlying ten beruht.

Offenkundig gibt es as something belonging to collective history, and on the ur- keine einheitliche Vorgehensweise beim Schutz des antifa- gency of raising public awareness of this postwar memorial schistischen Erbes, so dass unterschiedliche Auffassungen heritage as a product of a unique historical moment.

Ein neuer lebendiger Naturally, this is the period of urban However, approximately the one year of the first Soviet oc- rehabilitation.

It should be noted here that for country. Mean- even Vilnius the damage of the Second World War was ex- while, the architectural planning in most cases continued tremely high.

Thus, starting from and ending approxi- with ideas and principles of Independent Lithuania. During that time radi- cal architectural ideas were expressed on whiteboard and in political rhetoric rather than in the urban environment.

The National Library in Vilnius, —60, Probably the best illustration is the plan to renew the cen- architect: Anikinas tral part of Vilnius.

Large-scale architectural ambitions were Abb. Die Nationalbibliothek in Vilnius, —60, implemented only in isolated fragments. Instead of solid ur- Architekt: Anikinas ban fabric, the reconstruction of the city manifested itself in separate points and fragments of street perspectives.

The National Library, the M. Naturally, most of the representative buildings were concentrated in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.

Al- though some major projects such as the Government Palace or the Opera were never built, many realized constructions became important landmarks of the city.

The House for Scientists in Vilnius, —53, architect: Das Haus der Wissenschaftler in Vilnius, —53, Architekt: Mikrorayon Lazdynai in Vilnius, —74, architects: Wohngebiet Lazdynai in Vilnius, —74, Architekten: The National Library fig.

The physical condition and the level of authenticity sentative Gediminas Avenue nor from other angles. The House for Scientists fig. Some of them e.

Another urban landmark Kaunas have been or are currently being renovated. Vaidas Petrulis 93 Fig. In the case of Lithuania the phase of modern- Another interesting structure of the Soviet world with a lot ism represents a certain peak of Soviet legacy.

Thus, when of political symbolism is the memorial, museum and 9th fort speaking about Soviet-time Lithuanian architecture in the of Kaunas fortress fig.

The integri- at Kaunas fortress. After , World Heritage List, namely as a structure representing the when microrayon for architecture gained the Lenin Prize, Soviet type of monumental art with great integrity of archi- Lazdynai became one of the icons of socialist housing.

A tecture and sculpture. In this context it is important to note gentle mix of natural environment and the rich variety of that the museum continues to function as a memorial place housing types which were made of standard prefabricated el- and is thus publicly accessible.

Die stalinistische Architektur erreichte Li- tauen in ihrer letzten Stufe — nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. In contrast, among the socialist tischen Realismus erst ab etwa realisiert.

Den- tivities on the national level. Daher bietet der Beitrag als Diskussionsgrundlage auch Zeitachse in Litauen prominente Beispiele der sozialistischen Moderne an, wie etwa den Sportpalast in Vilnius oder das Gedenkmuseum der Der Beitrag konzentriert sich auf das architektonische Erbe 9.

Der Bericht zielt darauf, eine Vorstellung vom im sowjetischen Litauen mit Betonung auf dem sozialisti- sozialistischen baulichen Erbe in Litauen zu vermitteln.

Sonja Ifko 95 Slovenian Architecture in the Period of Socialism Sonja Ifko The paper discusses the characteristics of Slovenian post- ding principle of creativity of the time.

Nevertheless, despite war modernistic architecture until the early s and the the modernist discourse both in urban planning and archi- development of postmodernism.

Panoramic view of the new socialist town of Velenje built beside a coal mine, which developed much more inten- sively than Nova Gorica due to the strong local political efforts fostered.

The picture shows the centre of the town with free-standing buildings in a green setting and the main square with the administrative building of the Velenje Coal Mine and Culture House.

The Culture House in the centre of Velenje. In all Slovenian medium-sized towns the culture house was the place for the main cultural and political events.

Oton Gaspari, Abb. Oton Gaspari, Fig. The Litostroj factory was a large-scale industrial plant, designed as an open structure in green surround- ings, with innovative building structures to present the The cultural and political context enforcement of the new society in industrial development.

The metalworking plant has a suspended roof fixed on When talking of the architectural legacy of the socialist era triangular brackets.

Edo Mihevc, tive impulse. Furthermore, many stu- dents decided to study abroad. Despite the circumstances, functionalist thinking already became well established in the pre-war years.

The panorama of Koper with a block of flats in the Fig. Edo Mihevc, Architect: Edvard Ravnikar, Abb. Edo an Kontext und Tradition, Architekt: Edvard Ravnikar, Mihevc, The end of World War II witnessed substantial political of education and dissemination of western trends, which was changes.

Slovenia became one of the republics of the new reflected positively in architectural design. On the outskirts of Ljubljana, the Li- Fig.

The Prisank Hotel corresponding with the alpine tual regionalism, which intensively developed in the s landscape is one of the best evidences of the regionalism and s.

Due to its self-sufficiency it was called the Litostroj town, even though it later became fully integrated into the urban tissue. The complex, which was based on the idea of a factory in a green setting, show- cased an innovative design and construction concept of the Fig.

Residential and commercial block in Velenje. The Revolution Square, today Republic Square, was the biggest urban intervention built as a political and administrative centre.

Edvard Ravnikar with collaborators, —74 Abb. The residential area also fol- lowed the functionalist postulate of living in a natural set- ting; furthermore, the concept introduced the idea of a com- mon canteen, which would relieve women of housework, but the plan was not put in place.

Naturally, the construction of all major projects had a po- litical background. This was a di- rect manifestation of the strength of the new socialist coun- try.

The plans were not fully realised; however, the basic structure has been preserved to this day, and it evidently fol- lows the modernist doctrine figs.

Despite its political ties with the Soviet Union until , at the time there were, in fact, no real-socialist aesthetics present, which were otherwise dictated by Moscow in prac- Fig.

Sever erforscht, s — radical modernism and identity Nova Gorica, the first newly erected socialist town.

Edvard Ravnikar — and Edo in the vocabulary of modernity, as shown in both of his pro- Mihevc — Even before the war and immediately jects from the mids: Edo Mihevc was mainly a project designer and a teacher educating through his project work, while he hardly wrote Fig.

The Cultural Centre in Skopje with its dynamic about it. However, he was an exceptionally industrious pro- structure houses several cultural institutions on the Vardar ject designer who realised over projects in his time.

In Ljubljana, he Abb. Among these are Bavarski dvor, Metalka and the Impex Palace. Later, his focus became the Slovenian Coast, for which he elaborated regulation plans and many projects, which culmi- nated in his own take on Slovenian Mediterranean region- alism, where he could not avoid large-scale interventions which demolished many historical buildings at the coast.

Especially evident were the interventions in the medieval built heritage of Koper fig. In contrast, Edvard Ravnikar was a very industrious writer, thinker and painter, and is considered to be the lead- ing figure of post-war modernism.

Next to his architectural work, he established himself as an urban designer and won many Slovenian and Yugoslavian competitions. In the central building with the Great Hall he s were characterised by a further development of critical took a very distinct approach by reinterpreting the tradition- regionalism, which was especially evident in the work of the al structure i.

The exhibition represented a cornerstone, i. Indeed, this group of young designers created a special language of Slovenian modernism.

Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und unter nian regionalism. Among the projects that stood out due to their italienischen Grenze errichtet. They were example of Stalinist architecture.

Started in , it was intended to act as an answer of Soviet architecture to the inspired by the building of the Lomonosov University on Fig.

It was built on the section of a plot and weights to carry. It is the first building to the machinery, the workshops and the paper storage.

The Main Building meant for offices and editorial ing a truly ideological message. Stalin up to m in total. For a while, starting in the antenna on made of a central building with 13 floors and 85 m height, that building supported, the transmitter of Romanian Televi- four lateral buildings of a lower scale.

The central building sion. A couple of and used to be the tallest building in Bucharest until In the initial project, the two U-shaped other publications and publishing houses in Romania later wings were closed by buildings meant for social-cultural on, the State Committee for Culture and Art as well.

The overall plan included a colony distinct buildings: The position of the skyscraper close to water, Herastrau Lake, October Abb. Die Lage des Wolkenkratzers nahe am Ufer des Herastrau-Sees, Oktober houses and for that purpose numerous halls were included as On 28 October , Scanteia Newspaper would record well as offices.

Also, Casa Scanteii was the first Romanian the address of their editorial office and administration in work where construction engineers included the calcula- Piata Scanteii, and the printing was executed by Casa Scan- tion of resistance to a potential earthquake — adopting older teii Printing House.

Lenin by sculp- Lake, as well as the perception of the silhouette of this build- tor Boris Caragea was placed in front of the building.

The towers as such do not they had endured under the communist regime. April wurde ein riesiges portiert. Dzerzhinsky Square now Freedom Square in Kharkiv However, a violent variation of styles after caused a is a unique example of simultaneous enmity and coexistence dramatic change of their facades.

The House of Cooperation, of two adversarial styles — Constructivism and Socialist Re- which had been designed to complete the modern ensem- alism — in a single ensemble fig.

The revised project be- the new Ukrainian Republic and was intended as a proving came an adaptation, developed for the needs of the Kharkiv ground for the implementation of revolutionary ideas the Military-Economic Academy in thes, in the Socialist author of the idea of a concave rounded end was architect Realism style, and then in the s it was eventually fi- V.

Trotsenko who proposed the scheme of a master plan of nished. It was gradually formed in the s—s by a se- which was handed over to Kharkiv University.

The new quential process of building: On the side opposite Gosprom, the buil- new buildings for research and design establishments.

Only the main tion in the modern style. Today the complex needs protection against modern of Dzerzhinsky Square to the rectangular part began to be intervention.

Each of these buildings was designed The mature period of the Socialist Realism style s— s is represented by the ensemble of Khreschatyk — Fig.

Dzerzhinsky Square, since Freedom the main avenue of Kyiv. The first round of the All-Soviet Square, Gosprom arch. Felger, Union competition on Khreschatyk was announced immedi- —28 , ately after the liberation of the city from occupation in , Abb.

Krawetz, Kiev architects under the direction of A. The width of Khreschatyk Avenue was more than doubled — up to 75 m its earlier width was 34 m.

The originality of the ensemble has been contained in the functional and spatial division. On one side is a front of monumental facades of the ministries and establishments.

On the other side is a picturesque composition consisting mainly of a residential area with a refinement of the existing relief and with opening perspectives towards the Pechersky hills.

Two main transverse axes enriched the composition of the street. In the project of architect A. The rectangular part of Dzerzhinsky Square, Abb.

Charkiw, rechteckiger Teil des Dzerzhinsky-Platzes, a tower with a spire. The spire was not implemented sub- and patterns of ceramics with Ukrainian folk motifs were sequently.

The second axis was Lenin Street now Bogdan designed especially for Khreschatyk, fig. On the opposite higher side of Khres- The historical and basic plan of the centre of Kyiv was chatyk it was marked by a group of residential buildings: Wide terraces and steps approval.

The ensemble of Khreschatyk Street is allocated formed the approach. Its bounda- Engels Street now Lutheran St. The landscaping of Khreschatyk squares — form an ensemble where planning, architecture emphasizes its integrity.

Search for a national identity char- and landscaping together constitute a complex composition acterising the period found its most vivid expression here in in the Socialist Realism style, which has retained its authen- a luxurious ceramic decoration of the facades technology ticity on a scale to be found nowhere else in the Ukraine.

The side of the residential area. Conservatism of the mili- tary, the special conditions of the order and discipline that prevailed in the city, and its status allowed it to maintain the integrity and authenticity of the ensemble.

Barhin proposed a redevelop- ment master plan. But the idea for the city centre was too ambitious. In contrast, if we turn off fossil fuel plants, the planet will stay warm.

Im Gegensatz zu den die Auswirkungen von CO2. Soso, die Herren Prof. Tscheuschner haben also den Treibhauseffekt widerlegt.

Na dann schauen wir mal und lassen abseits der Wissenschaft mal gesunden Menschenverstand und Logik sprechen. They now register nearly double the number that their German counterparts do , thanks to huge investments in education and research.

Siehe die Mathematikleistungen, die im Sturzflug sind. Hat wichtige Ursache auch in unserer Art der Migration. Indeed, measured by how often their science and technology research is cited, Chinese universities occupy the top two spots globally and four more of the top No European institution is even on that elite list.

The country has long enjoyed a formidable reputation for quality, performance and style. Germans place a premium on cleaner air.

The transition to electric cars will render the technologies used by automakers and their suppliers largely obsolete, causing wide-ranging disruption.

But the banks suffer from chronically low profitability — particularly in the network of quasi-public institutions, the Sparkassen and Landesbanken, typically owned or controlled by municipalities and state governments.

In recent years, U. Its business model is evidently not working. If it falters, its size and global systemic connections could place a substantial burden on the government.

Workers became expendable, inequality increased and the sense of insecurity spread. Climbing the economic ladder became harder. This primarily requires the scale of investment in education and curriculum modernization that Merkel … did not deliver.

Education is twice blessed: It fosters growth and gives hope to those left behind. The government must also consolidate the Sparkassen and Landesbanken into two or three banks, while severing their subsidies.

And if Deutsche Bank is not cleaned up and downsized, it will surely become a public liability. Schon der Titel des Buchs von H.

Denn es gibt nicht die wirkliche Welt. Das ist vom Ansatz her weitgehend relativ mit Blick auf diese oder jene Auffassung.

Was zu oft fehlt: Lieber Herr Selig, wir alle haben versagt: Aber wie andere auch liegt A. Mody falsch mit der Ursachenzuordnung.

Das ist anscheinend schwierig zu begreifen, daher die Analogie: Die EU schafft sich ab. Also bitte erstmal informieren und dann posten.

So einfach ist das alles nicht. Hier einmal die Meinung von Prof. Gewerkschaften und Politik schlafen oder jubeln. Nur was passiert, wenn sich das Elektroauto am Massenmarkt als Flop entpuppt?

Kurz Sie antworten nicht auf meine Frage, wo konkret der technische Vorsprung von Tesla liegt. Auf dem deutschen Markt gibt es bereits viele Elektroautos, wie z.

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